Located in Northern Europe, it covers an area of 65,300 sq. km. It is the largest Baltic State. Lithuania borders Latvia to the north, Belarus to the southeast and south, Poland to the southwest and south and Kaliningrad district. It has around 99 km of coastline, which is the shortest among the Baltic Sea countries. Lithuania's major warm-water port, Klaipėda, lies at the narrow mouth of the Curonian Lagoon. The main and largest is the Nemunas River.

Lithuania lies at the edge of North European Plain. Its landscape has been smoothed by the glaciers of the last ice age. Lithuania's terrain is of moderate lowlands and highlands; its highest point is Aukštojas Hill at 294m. The geographical centre of Europe is in Lithuania, 26km north of Vilnius.

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